The most popular strong response from the Ministry

2022-07-31
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According to the statistics of the Ministry of Commerce, China has been the country that has suffered the most trade remedy investigations for 18 consecutive years. In the first half of this year, 15 countries and regions launched 39 trade remedy investigations against China, involving US $2.09 billion

looking forward to the second half of the year, trade frictions will continue to occur frequently, trade protection measures in developed countries will become more and more concealed, and trade protection in developing countries will also begin to become more and more intense. An official of the Ministry of Commerce made it clear on the 16th that if a trade war occurs, China is not afraid, has courage and confidence

experts interviewed by economic information daily pointed out that a prominent trend is that the products involved in trade friction are extending from low-end to high-end. Therefore, from early warning to counteraction, China has built a gradually complete all-round trade defense system

statement of position

first, we are opposed to the trade war and second, we are not afraid of it. If a trade war really breaks out, our attitude is, first, we are opposed. We do not want to see a trade war. Second, we are not afraid of it. Zhoudalin, deputy director of the Fair Trade Bureau of the Ministry of Commerce, said on the 16th that we have the courage and confidence to fight a trade war with such a large market as (China), and any opponent must weigh it

this clear statement may represent the attitude and determination of the Ministry of Commerce to fight back against trade protection. An insider pointed out

Zhou Dalin made the above statement in a series of business work interviews with the theme of actively responding to international trade frictions held on the same day, in response to the question of friends about the odds of China's victory in the event of a trade war. Wu Yan, deputy director of the Bureau of industrial damage investigation, and YangGuoHua, deputy director of the Department of treaty and law, also participated in the interview with him. Generally speaking, the three major business departments and bureaus of the Ministry of commerce are in charge of the receiving, sending and multilateral dispute settlement of China's trade remedy cases

it is reported that China has been the country subject to the most trade remedy investigations for 18 consecutive years, which can increase the service life of experimental machines. In the first half of this year, 15 countries and regions launched 39 trade remedy investigations against China, involving US $2.09 billion

in this regard, Zhou Dalin said, first of all, trade friction is a normal phenomenon, and the key lies in how to deal with it. China has always advocated to solve problems through dialogue, consultation, cooperation and communication, so that differences and risks can be well controlled. Of course, this requires the will and efforts of both sides. If it is not handled well, it is possible to go to the step of trade war. However, there is no winner in the trade war. It must be a double loss or even a multiple loss

why not? Zhou Dalin said that we have this courage and confidence. The so-called courage means that the determination of the Chinese government to safeguard its own enterprise and industrial rights and interests is beyond doubt. After more than 30 years of reform and opening up, China has become the world's largest exporter of goods and the second largest importer. There is a huge market of 1.3 billion people in China, and this market is still growing. To fight a trade war with such a large market, I think any competitor must weigh it

trade friction cases often attract high attention because they involve many domestic industrial interests, are conflicting and have at most four ranges of stories to examine. At present, the biggest trade dispute between China and the EU so far is the EU's double counter case of photovoltaic products to China, and the fierce battle is in full swing. The key time point of August 6 is approaching. The two sides are still deadlocked on the specific scheme of price commitment, and it is difficult to reach an agreement

as the latest response to the progress of the Guangfu case, Zhou Dalin said that the working teams of both sides are still in full swing for negotiations, and the negotiations have been going on all the time. It is in the interests of both sides to negotiate a plan acceptable to both sides. It also has a basis for negotiation, because China needs the EU market, and the EU also needs China's high-quality and low-cost photovoltaic products, which is beneficial to the development of green energy industry. However, if the talks fail, the anti-dumping duty rate will be restored to 47.6% from the current 11.8% on August 6

trend

China's high-end manufacturing is under siege

why has China's parliament become the biggest victim of trade friction for many years in a row? Zhou Dalin said that with more trade, friction will naturally increase. In addition, the rise of international trade protectionism after the financial crisis is also an important external factor. Moreover, some of our products have excess capacity and are too dependent on an international market, which will easily lead to trade frictions

it is noteworthy that the trade frictions encountered by China are not only large in number and large in amount, but also show many new characteristics in specific fields and forms

Baiming, a researcher of the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, said in an interview with economic information daily that a prominent trend is that trade frictions are also upgrading with the transformation and upgrading of foreign trade, and the products involved are extending from low-end to high-end, and even to future strategic industries and future market space. For example, the double anti investigation launched by Europe and the United States on China's photovoltaic products is a typical case. In the past, we all had trade frictions with foreign countries in the low-end field of the light textile industry. Now, with the transformation and upgrading of our foreign trade, more and more high-value and high-tech products are exported, and the area of industrial overlap with developed countries is growing. There will also be more and more trade frictions against China's high-end manufacturing

secondly, the form of trade friction is becoming more and more hidden. For example, through animal and plant inspection and quarantine, technical barriers, low emissions and environmental protection standards, a series of seemingly reasonable and actually protectionist measures are implemented, such as carbon tariffs, market access, certification systems, etc

in addition, the sponsors are expanding from a few European and American countries to developing countries. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Commerce, among the 39 trade frictions encountered by China in the first half of this year, 22 cases have been initiated by developing countries and emerging economies, involving US $1.1 billion. The proportion of quantity and amount is 56.4% and 52.7% respectively. In 2012, emerging economies and developing countries launched 54 trade remedy investigations against China, accounting for 70.1% of the total number of cases in the whole year

Wu Yan said that in recent years, China's exports to developing countries and emerging economies have been growing rapidly under the continuous downturn in the international market. While achieving mutual benefit and win-win results with developing countries, trade frictions also arise, which is an external factor. In terms of internal factors, China and many developing countries and emerging economies have similar development stages, product structure and industrial structure, and the competition relationship is very obvious. Therefore, China's export products are easy to become the object of trade remedy for emerging economies and developing countries

coping with

building an all-round trade defense system

looking forward to the second half of the year, the situation of trade friction is still severe. Zhou Dalin said that from the international perspective, the financial crisis has not yet required the plastic processors to carry out tests on their own at the end of production and operation. The global economy is still in a difficult recovery, and the trend of protectionist thought will return. Domestically, building an upgraded version of China's economy and enhancing its core competitiveness can not be achieved overnight. The export volume and international share are still increasing. Therefore, in the second half of the year or even for a longer period of time, frequent trade frictions will be the norm, so we should have enough ideological preparation

experts said that in the face of the increasingly complex trade protectionism situation, Chinese enterprises should, on the one hand, exercise their internal skills, standardize all links of product production and sales, and connect with the international trade rules to prevent giving others a handle; On the other hand, we should use international trade law to fight back, further strengthen the understanding and application of international law, and make good use of the WTO dispute settlement mechanism to safeguard our legitimate rights and interests

Bai Ming told the economic information daily that for enterprises, trade protection should be taken into account as a risk factor when opening up the market, and attention should be paid to product structure optimization and market diversification. In case of a relief case, we should actively respond to the lawsuit and do not have the mentality of hitchhiking to the southeast coast of China, Chang Sanjiao and Zhu Sanjiao. As far as the government is concerned, it is necessary to actively carry out consultation and communication among high-level officials and take reasonable and effective countermeasures when necessary

from early warning to counteraction, China is building a gradually complete all-round trade defense system

according to the introduction, if Chinese enterprises believe that there are unfair trade behaviors such as dumping or subsidies in imported products, which cause damage to domestic industries, they have the right to appeal to the Ministry of Commerce for anti-dumping and anti subsidy investigations on imported products. If, after examination, the Ministry of Commerce considers that the application meets the legal requirements, it will issue a filing announcement for investigation

in addition, the early warning mechanism for industrial damage has been established since 2001. According to Wu Yan, at present, China has initially established an industrial damage early warning system integrating the state, local governments, industries and enterprises, and has achieved full coverage of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities except Tibet. This system currently focuses on monitoring 15 key industries, involving 456 specific products. The operation of the early warning mechanism is to analyze and evaluate the impact of abnormal import and export changes on China's industries and industries through the early warning model and expert system, and predict and evaluate the possible friction and obstacles to industrial development

once the foreign trade remedy investigation against China is officially launched, it will enter the negotiation and consultation stage. Similarly, there will be a four body linkage response of the Ministry of Commerce, local commerce departments, associations and enterprises. YangGuoHua said that in the event that no agreement can be reached through consultation, the Department of treaty and law will take up legal weapons to file a lawsuit. It can be said that we are the backers. Since China's accession to the WTO 12 years ago, China has taken the initiative to litigate 11 cases in the WTO. Among them, I have won the cases of dual relief against the United States and I have won the cases of separate tax rate against the European Union

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