The hottest motor industry in China has encountere

2022-09-23
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China's motor industry has encountered the "double test" of market and technology

Guide: at present, the international and domestic economic growth is slowing down, domestic demand is declining, especially the orders for ordinary motors are shrinking, the domestic motor industry has overcapacity, competition is intensifying, and the winter of the motor industry has come. In addition, the immigration and environmental protection problems of hydropower construction, the serious abandonment of wind power caused by wind power technical standards and policies, the embarrassment of solar power generation being trapped in parity for a long time, and the road of safe and efficient nuclear electrolysis prohibition is still unclear, etc. a series of problems objectively put forward higher requirements for the motor industry. China's motor industry is facing a double test from the external market and internal technology

recently, the Ministry of industry and information technology publicly solicited opinions on the catalogue of elimination of energy consuming backward electromechanical equipment (products) whose movement of the high 10 prefix is achieved by rotating motors (the second batch), and plans to eliminate high energy consuming backward electromechanical equipment, including 135 items of equipment in 12 categories, including motors, industrial boilers, electrical appliances, transformers, heat treatment equipment, refrigeration equipment, valves, pumps, etc. Our government will force the elimination of backward mechanical and electrical equipment from the industrial policy, which will inevitably cause a new round of industrial shock

in fact, the road of high efficiency and energy saving in the motor industry has already begun. The 12th Five Year Plan of China's motor industry highlights that during the 12th Five Year Plan period, we will focus on the adjustment and revitalization of motor system energy-saving projects, equipment manufacturing, and the vigorous promotion of technology in the field of new energy, optimize the development of a number of key products with high efficiency, energy conservation and environmental protection, eliminate a number of motor products with ordinary efficiency, and promote product upgrading. With the continuous deepening of the country's transformation of the mode of economic development and adjustment of the industrial structure, high-efficiency motors have also begun to enter the deep-water area and further subdivided, corresponding to which are the national strategies such as the "steel industry adjustment and revitalization plan", "equipment manufacturing industry adjustment and revitalization plan", "notice on printing and issuing detailed rules for the promotion and implementation of high-efficiency motors of energy-saving products benefiting the people" and so on. On the one hand, the newly added power installed capacity in the country has been greatly reduced, which has brought great pressure to the large motor market; On the other hand, small and medium-sized motors enter the environment of high efficiency and energy conservation, and the industry reshuffle is inevitable. China's motor industry is facing the double test of market and technology

at present, the international and domestic economic growth is slowing down, the domestic demand is declining, especially the orders for ordinary motors are shrinking, the domestic motor industry has excess capacity, competition is intensifying, and the winter of the motor industry has come. Chen Minghan, general manager of Shanghai Electric Machinery Works Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Shangdian), said in an interview with electric weekly

motor slimming

there are many kinds of motor products in China, but the efficiency is not high. The phenomenon of big horse pulling small car is serious, and the promotion of high-efficiency motors lags far behind the world

if China's power equipment manufacturing industry is compared to an organic whole, the motor industry is the heart of the body. Whether it is the large electrical machinery (power generation equipment) industry or the small and medium-sized electrical machinery industry, it constantly provides continuous power for China's hydropower, thermal power, nuclear power, wind power and other power systems, as well as metallurgy, machinery, scientific research, transportation, cement, papermaking, light textile, environmental protection, municipal and other industries. The electrical machinery industry is the central nerve of the mechanical equipment industry chain and even the whole economic society

the 100 year history of China's electrical industry has left a series of development footprints from scratch and from weak to strong. From the first 6000 kW steam turbine generator and 100000 kW steam turbine generator set made in China in 1956 to 12000 kW double water internal cooling generator and 300000 kW double water internal cooling steam turbine generator, from the million KW supercritical steam turbine generator set at the beginning of this century to the current ultra supercritical generator set, in a sense, the overall development level of the motor industry has been in the forefront of the world

however, there are many kinds of motor products in China, but the efficiency is not high. The phenomenon of big horse pulling small car is serious, and the promotion of high-efficiency motors lags far behind the world. Compared with developed countries, the average efficiency is 3-5 percentage points lower, and the operating efficiency is 10-20 percentage points lower. Motors are the major power consumers in the national economy. Some experts said that at present, China's industrial energy consumption accounts for about 70% of the total energy consumption, of which motor energy consumption accounts for about 60% - 70% of industrial energy consumption. According to the survey, the market share of IE1 motors in China is close to 90%, while the proportion of high-efficiency and energy-saving motors with IE2 or above in enterprises is only 8%

according to the 12th Five Year Plan for energy conservation of national industrial system, the motors of the whole IE2 will account for more than 80% of the whole motor market in 2015. According to this view, the promotion and application of high-efficiency motors have become urgent

as early as June 2, 2010, the Ministry of Finance and the national development and Reform Commission jointly issued the notice on printing and distributing the implementation rules for the promotion of high-efficiency motors of energy-saving products benefiting the people project, which included high-efficiency motors in the implementation scope of energy-saving products benefiting the people project and promoted them by means of financial subsidies; On March 19, 2011, the two ministries and commissions also said at the National Conference on the promotion of high-efficiency motors that they would speed up the establishment of a high-efficiency motor promotion mechanism with financial subsidy policies as the core, further increase subsidies, encourage users to purchase high-efficiency motors on a large scale, speed up the elimination of high-energy consumption old motors, and promote the application of high-efficiency and energy-saving motors in the domestic market. The importance of motor slimming is self-evident

multiple embarrassments

after eliminating this reason, the immigration and environmental protection problems of hydropower construction, the serious abandonment of wind power caused by wind power technical standards and policies, the embarrassment of solar power generation being trapped in parity for a long time, and the road of safe and efficient nuclear electrolysis prohibition is still unclear. A series of problems objectively put forward higher requirements for the motor industry

China's motor industry has to accept the double test of external market and internal technology. In recent years, the major power companies have developed by leaps and bounds, and the annual installed capacity of power generation equipment has increased by more than 100 million KW for several consecutive years. The production capacity of manufacturing enterprises has also been fully expanded. With the slowdown of economic growth, the installed growth rate of domestic power equipment is also decreasing, the market competition tends to be white hot, and the price profit level is getting lower and lower. Zhang Yansong, general manager of Beijing Beizhong turbine motor Co., Ltd., said

take large electric machinery (power generation equipment) as an example. On the one hand, due to the slowdown in the growth rate of national power consumption and the loss of thermal power for consecutive years, the adjustment of power structure accelerates, and new features appear in the installed structure of power. The proportion of clean energy increases, and the installed proportion of thermal power gradually decreases; On the other hand, although the installed capacity of hydropower and wind power in China has exceeded 230million kW and 47million kW respectively, both ranking first in the world. However, a series of difficulties objectively put forward higher requirements for the motor industry, such as the immigration and environmental protection problems of hydropower construction, the serious abandonment of wind power caused by wind power technical standards and policies, the embarrassment of solar power generation being trapped in parity for a long time, and the unclear road of safe and efficient nuclear electrolysis prohibition

data show that in 2012, affected by the slowdown in economic growth, the growth rate of power consumption in the whole society is expected to be less than 10%, 2 percentage points lower than that in previous years. The installed capacity of new power in China will be reduced by about 10million kW compared with that in 2011, which is the least year since 2006. On the one hand, there is overcapacity in some domestic high energy consumption motor products, on the other hand, the export market of traditional motor products is almost weak. While the domestic major motor enterprises compete fiercely, they also have to deal with the reality that foreign motor products continue to seize the domestic market. The road of complete localization and localization of motor equipment has become looming

for the small and medium-sized motor industry, from the development of general high-efficiency motors and frequency converters to the development of special high-efficiency motors, special variable-frequency motors and special variable-frequency control devices matching the loads of fans, pumps and compressors; From the simple development of efficient and ultra efficient motor products to the development of energy-saving motor system energy-saving devices, motor and control device system integration, system energy efficiency detection devices; The transformation from low-voltage variable-frequency speed regulation to high-voltage variable-frequency and internal feed speed regulation has become an irreversible trend for small and medium-sized motors in the environment of high efficiency and energy saving

industry reshuffle

affected by the contraction of the international market, the reduction of orders and the increase in the cost of domestic production factors, Chinese Electromechanical enterprises are facing difficulties in survival

according to expert analysis, at present, China's global motor market share has reached 21.5%. In the next five years, the Chinese market will grow faster. With the promotion of high-efficiency motors, the sales volume in 2015 will double that in 2011. A large number of Chinese local manufacturers who do not have the ability to produce high-efficiency motors will be eliminated from the market, and the market concentration will be improved

it is understood that in the first three months of this year, the import and export situation of China's mechanical and electrical products was extremely grim, with exports growing by 9.1%, compared with 16% for the whole year last year; Imports increased by 0.5%, while the same period last year increased by 14%. Zhang Yujing, President of China Chamber of Commerce for import and export of mechanical and electrical products, also said when attending the 111th Canton Fair Forum on export situation and testing technology of high-efficiency motors in Guangzhou on April 17: affected by the shrinking international market, the reduction of orders and the increase in the cost of domestic production factors, Chinese mechanical and electrical enterprises are facing difficulties in survival. According to the statistical data of 69 motor manufacturing enterprises nationwide from the small and medium-sized motor branch of China Electrical Appliance Industry Association, the overall economic operation of the small and medium-sized motor industry was stable in the first half of 2011, but the total industrial output value, sales revenue, enterprise profit margin and other indicators fell

2012 to Dai rujun, general manager of Xinda group, said: "Bio based materials take corn, sugarcane, etc. as the source of starch to synthesize polylactic acid. During 2014, the domestic development environment will remain generally stable, but the imbalance, uncoordinated and unsustainable problems in economic development are still prominent, the market demand growth is not booming, the price rise trend is obvious, the cost pressure is increasing, the potential risks in some fields are gradually emerging, and the business risks are increasing. Deputy general manager of Harbin Electric Machinery Co., Ltd Li wangguohai explained

in fact, as early as 2004, more than 2000 motor enterprises in China experienced a large-scale and industry wide reshuffle of survival of the fittest. A number of motor enterprises with large output, good quality and advanced technology and equipment have mushroomed into the audience's vision, while other motor enterprises have to withdraw from the historical stage. Under the new situation, efficient motors may bring greater integration opportunities in the industry

urgent blood transfusion

motor enterprises should seize the opportunity, adjust the industrial structure, constantly improve product quality, improve the scientific and technological content and added value of products, and realize the transformation of motor industry from labor-intensive industry to technology intensive industry through cooperation with universities and scientific research institutes

China's motor industry stands at a new crossroads. The motor industry urgently needs blood transfusion and exchange, but its own hematopoietic function is the panacea to keep the industry excited for a long time

as expected by Zhang Yujing, the task of energy conservation and emission reduction proposed in the 12th Five Year Plan has created the best development opportunity for China's motor industry. Motor enterprises should seize the opportunity, adjust the industrial structure, constantly improve product quality, improve the scientific and technological content and added value of products, and realize the transformation of motor industry from labor-intensive industry to technology intensive industry with zero deviation and full-scale error less than 0.51 sb through cooperation with universities and scientific research institutes

it seems that the domestic motor enterprises of different echelons are adjusting: Harbin Electric Machinery Co., Ltd. will adapt to the changes in market demand and speed up the product settlement

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